Location of an epitope shared by Alzheimer's amyloid peptide and brain creatine kinase using a newly developed monoclonal antibody

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Abstract

Amyloid plaques, composed mainly by a peptide termed A4-amyloid, derived by proteolytic processing from the amyloid precursor protein (APP), are a hallmark in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. We have prepared a collection of monoclonal antibodies as tools to study APP expression and proteolysis in different systems. One of these, 5AH10, raised against residues 9-22 of A4-peptide, was selected for its ability to recognize only A4 subpeptides having the intact APP-secretase target sequence, as well as whole recombinant APP. By using synthetic subpeptides, we have located 5AH10 epitope between amino acids 15 and 22 of A4. In addition, 5AH10 showed a strong immunoreactivity to a 47 kDa protein present in rat brain extracts, that was identified as the B (brain specific) subunit of creatine kinase by immunochemical data and direct N-terminal sequencing. The cross-reaction observed is most probably due to a high degree of sequence identify between amino acids 15 to 22 of A4 peptide and amino acids 9 to 16 of rat B creatine kinase. 5AH10 did not recognize the muscle specific isoform (M subunit) of rat creatine kinase, nor the B subunit of human and rabbit creatine kinase, suggesting that glutamine at first position of the epitope is essential for antigen recognition by 5AH10. © 1995.

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Cazorla, P., Aldudo, J., Haas, C., Vázquez, J., Valdivieso, F., & Bullido, M. J. (1995). Location of an epitope shared by Alzheimer’s amyloid peptide and brain creatine kinase using a newly developed monoclonal antibody. BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1270(2–3), 149–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/0925-4439(94)00083-3

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