Construal Level Theory (CLT)  defines psychological distance as any object, event, or person that cannot be experienced by the self in the here and now. The goal of the present research was to demonstrate that feelings of uncertainty are closely linked to the concept of psychological distance. Two experiments tested the assumption that spatial distance and uncertainty are bidirectionally related. In the first experiment, we show that perceived spatial distance leads to a feeling of uncertainty. The second experiment revealed that a feeling of uncertainty leads to a perception of greater distance. By demonstrating that distance is closely tied to uncertainty, the present research extends previous research on both distance and uncertainty by incorporating previously unexplained findings within CLT. Implications of these findings such as the role of uncertainty within CLT are discussed.
Glaser, T., Lewandowski, J., & Düsing, J. (2015). The long and winding road to uncertainty: The Link between spatial distance and feelings of uncertainty. PLoS ONE, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119108