Several lines of evidence have indicated that the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) are a site of memory storage for certain forms of motor learning, most notably associative eyelid conditioning. In particular, these experiments, together with network models, have implicated the excitatory glutamatergic synapse between mossy fibers and DCN neurons in this memory trace. However, to date, evidence for persistent use-dependent change in the strength of this synapse has been almost entirely absent. Here, we report that high-frequency burst stimulation of mossy fibers, either alone or paired with postsynaptic depolarization, gives rise to long-term depression (LTD) of the mossy fiber-DCN synapse. This form of LTD is not associated with changes in the paired-pulse ratio and is blocked by loading with a postsynaptic Ca2+ chelator but not by bath application of an NMDA receptor antagonist. Mossy fiber-DCN LTD requires activation of a group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) and protein translation. Unlike mGluR/translation-dependent LTD in other brain regions, this form of LTD requires mGluR1 and is mGluR5 independent. Copyright ? 2006 Society for Neuroscience.
Zhang, W., & Linden, D. J. (2006). Long-Term Depression at the Mossy Fiber-Deep Cerebellar Nucleus Synapse. Journal of Neuroscience, 26(26), 6935–6944. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.0784-06.2006