Introduction. Myocardial bridging with systolic compression (milking) of the left anterior descending coronary artery may be associated with myocardial ischemia. Little information is available about the long-term prognosis of patients with this coronary anomaly. Material and methods. A review was made of coronary angiographies of patients diagnosed as ischemic heart disease made between 1994 and 1999 in two centers. The long-term follow-up of patients with myocardial bridging and systolic compression of the left anterior descending coronary artery was analyzed. Data were collected by reviewing medical records and completed by telephone interview. Results. Prevalence: 0.72%. Milking was observed in 60 patients, but 25 of them were excluded due to associated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, severe valvular disease, or coronary artery disease. The clinical follow-up was available for all patients (median: 43 months, range: 12-80 months). Mean age 55.7 years (SD = 11.9). Men 74%. Clinical presentation: angina 26 patients, atypical chest pain with positive non-invasive test 8, acute myocardial infarction 1. During follow-up, 1 patient died of sudden cardiac death. Seven patients continued to present stable angina CCS class I-II, coronary angiography was repeated in 5 patients, and one required percutaneous revascularization for symptoms. In 63% of cases, antianginal drugs were still needed at the end of follow-up period (beta-blockers or calcium antagonists). Conclusions. Patients with myocardial bridging and systolic compression of the left anterior descending artery have a good long-term prognosis, although more than half of them continue regular treatment with antianginal drugs. In a small percentage of cases percutaneous intervention must be performed and ischemic heart disease may appear in more aggressive forms (acute myocardial infarction or sudden death).
I., L., J.A., B., R., L. P., E., P., F., P., M., V., … J.L., M. U. (2002). Long-term prognosis of patients with myocardial bridge and angiographic milking of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 55(4), 359–364. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=emed5&NEWS=N&AN=2002192183