Long-term results after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using the Cook Zenith endograft

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Abstract

Objective: This study assessed the long-term outcome of patients with abdominal aortic and aortoiliac aneurysms treated with the Cook Zenith endovascular graft (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Ind). Methods: Between September 1998 and October 2003, 143 patients underwent elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the Cook Zenith endograft. Data from these patients were reviewed from a prospective database in October 2008. Primary outcome measures were overall survival, intervention-free survival, and freedom from aneurysm rupture. Secondary outcome measures were early and late postoperative complications, including endoleaks. Results: Mean follow-up was 66.4 months (range, 1.9-121.0 months). Overall survival was 72.1% at the 5-year follow-up and 50.9% at the 8-year follow-up. Intervention-free survival was 77.1% at 5 years and 63.8% at 8 years. There were no reintervention-related deaths. Six patients had a late aneurysm rupture, which was fatal in three. Freedom from aneurysm rupture was 98.1% at 5 years and 91.0% at 8 years. Late complications occurred throughout the follow-up period, with a tendency for aneurysm rupture and surgical conversion to occur at a later stage in the follow-up period. Aneurysm sac enlargement during follow-up was associated with late aneurysm rupture and with the need for reintervention. Conclusion: Elective EVAR using the Cook Zenith endograft provides excellent results through a mean follow-up of >5 years. There is a low aneurysm-related mortality and an acceptable rate of postoperative complications and reinterventions. The occurrence of late complications throughout the follow-up period stresses the need for continued postoperative surveillance in EVAR patients. © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery.

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Mertens, J., Houthoofd, S., Daenens, K., Fourneau, I., Maleux, G., Lerut, P., & Nevelsteen, A. (2011). Long-term results after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using the Cook Zenith endograft. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 54(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2010.12.068

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