Long-term serial changes in platelet activation indices following sirolimus elution and bare metal stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease

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Abstract

Background: Platelet activation is crucial in the development of stent thrombosis following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We carried out a long-term assessment of multiple factors implicated in the thrombotic process and monitored markers of platelet activation after the implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Additionally, we compared these findings with those after baremetal stent (BMS) implantation. Methods: A cohort of 47 consecutive patients, aged <70 years, with severe stenosis (>70% narrowing of the lumen) of one major epicardial coronary artery and stable CAD underwent successful elective PCI. Patients were randomly allocated to SES (n Z 25) or BMS (n Z 22). Venous blood was obtained 24 hours before and 24 hours, 48 hours, 1 month, and 6 months after PCI for measurements of plasma levels of sP-selectin, von Willebrand Factor (vWF), fibrinogen, d-dimer, sCD40, factor VIII, b-thromboglobulin (b-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF-4). Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in levels of fibrinogen or d-dimers in peripheral blood. However, we observed a significant kinetic effect (p < 0.001) and stent-effect (p < 0.015) on vWF levels and a significant kinetic effect (pZ0.012) on factor VIII, sP-selectin (p Z 0.04), b-TG (p < 0.001), and PF4 (p Z 0.016). A trend towards a significant stent effect on sCD40 was also detected (p Z 0.06). Conclusions: SES and BMS did not show significant differences in relationship to markers of platelet activation and coagulation in patients with stable CAD. Although some markers showed an increase after stent implantation, they returned to the initial levels 6 months later.

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Marketou, M., Kochiadakis, G. E., Giaouzaki, A., Sfiridaki, K., Petousis, S., Maragoudakis, F., … Vardas, P. E. (2017). Long-term serial changes in platelet activation indices following sirolimus elution and bare metal stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, 58(1), 43–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hjc.2017.01.009

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