A Low-Toxicity DNA-Alkylating N-Mustard-Quinoline Conjugate with Preferential Sequence Specificity Exerts Potent Antitumor Activity Against Colorectal Cancer

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Abstract

Efficacy and safety are fundamental prerequisites for anticancer drug development. In the present study, we explored the anti–colorectal cancer (CRC) activity of SL-1, a DNA-directed N-mustard-quinoline conjugate. The N-mustard moiety in SL-1 induced DNA strand breaks, interstrand cross-links (ICLs), G2/M arrest, and apoptosis, whereas its quinoline moiety preferentially directed SL-1 to target the selective guanine sequence 5′-G-G/C-N-G-C/T-3′. Notably, SL-1 was highly cytotoxic to various CRC cell lines. Experiments using xenograft models revealed that SL-1 was more potent than 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin for suppressing the growth of RKO and RKO-E6 (oxaliplatin-resistant subline) cells as well as metastatic SW620 cells. In addition, SL-1 combined with 5-FU was more effective than oxaliplatin and 5-FU for suppressing RKO or SW620 cell growth in mice. Significantly, compared with cisplatin, oxaliplatin, or 5-FU, SL-1 alone or in combination with 5-FU did not cause obvious kidney or liver toxicity in ICR mice. In summary, SL-1, a DNA-directed alkylating agent, is established as an anti-CRC agent with high efficacy and low toxicity and thus warrants further development for the treatment of CRC patients.

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APA

Chen, T. L., Lin, Y. W., Chen, Y. B., Lin, J. J., Su, T. L., Shen, C. N., & Lee, T. C. (2018). A Low-Toxicity DNA-Alkylating N-Mustard-Quinoline Conjugate with Preferential Sequence Specificity Exerts Potent Antitumor Activity Against Colorectal Cancer. Neoplasia (United States), 20(2), 119–130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neo.2017.11.006

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