Salmeterol has earlier been reported to have immune modulating effects on Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neutrophilic inflammation in rodents. The aim of this study was to explore whether 3 weeks regular treatment with inhaled Salmeterol would have a protective effect against neutrophilia, following an LPS inhalation as assessed by bronchoscopy with bronchial wash (BW) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in healthy subjects. Fifteen volunteers all underwent bronchoscopies with bronchial wash and BAL on three occasions, each being 3 h after inhalation provocation. The initial inhalation was with saline (dilutant) as a reference and the two following with LPS 50 μg diluted in saline. After the saline inhalation the subjects were randomised to treatment with Salmeterol 50 μg twice daily and placebo in a double-blind double-dummy crossover design. Compared to saline inhalation, the LPS inhalations resulted in a two-fold increase in neutrophils both in BW and BAL, respectively (P≤ 0.01). The neutrophilia was present irrespective of the LPS inhalation was preceded by placebo or Salmeterol. This experimental study could not confirm any modulating effect of Salmeterol on LPS-induced airway neutrophilia. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Wallin, A., Pourazar, J., & Sandström, T. (2004). LPS-induced bronchoalveolar neutrophilia; effects of salmeterol treatment. Respiratory Medicine, 98(11), 1087–1092. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2004.03.025