Macroscopic surface structures for polymer-metal hybrid joints manufactured by laser based thermal joining

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Abstract

The increasing application of hybrid structures in component design and fabrication allows to constantly enhance the realization of lightweight potentials. Laser-based joining of metals to polymers can obtain a local bonding with high load bearing capability. During the process, the polymer gets molten by the energy input of the laser beam and penetrates into the structure of the metal surface by means of a defined joining pressure. Macroscopic structures on the metal surface, produced by cutting or laser processing, are possible surface treatments for achieving the polymer-metal joints. The optimal geometry and other key parameters for the macroscopic surface structures are only partially known at present, e.g. a rising structure density causes a higher load capacity. Based on grooves and drilled holes, as reference geometries, the depth (0.1-0.9 mm), width (0.3-1.1 mm), alignment angle, diameter (1.0 mm- 1.5 mm), structure density and penetration depth of the molten polymer were correlated to the separation force. The results allow an essential insight into the main effects of macroscopic structures on the mechanical joint properties and the material performance of the polymer during the process.

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Schricker, K., Stambke, M., Bergmann, J. P., Bräutigam, K., & Henckell, P. (2014). Macroscopic surface structures for polymer-metal hybrid joints manufactured by laser based thermal joining. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 56, pp. 782–790). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2014.08.086

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