Magnetic field activated lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles for stimuli-responsive drug release

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Abstract

Stimuli-responsive nanoparticles (SRNPs) offer the potential of enhancing the therapeutic efficacy and minimizing the side-effects of chemotherapeutics by controllably releasing the encapsulated drug at the target site. Currently controlled drug release through external activation remains a major challenge during the delivery of therapeutic agents. Here we report a lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticle system containing magnetic beads for stimuli-responsive drug release using a remote radio frequency (RF) magnetic field. These hybrid nanoparticles show long-term stability in terms of particle size and polydispersity index in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Controllable loading of camptothecin (CPT) and Fe3O4 in the hybrid nanoparticles was demonstrated. RF-controlled drug release from these nanoparticles was observed. In addition, cellular uptake of the SRNPs into MT2 mouse breast cancer cells was examined. Using CPT as a model anticancer drug the nanoparticles showed a significant reduction in MT2 mouse breast cancer cell growth in vitro in the presence of a remote RF field. The ease of preparation, stability, and controllable drug release are the strengths of the platform and provide the opportunity to improve cancer chemotherapy. © 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Deok Kong, S., Sartor, M., Jack Hu, C. M., Zhang, W., Zhang, L., & Jin, S. (2013). Magnetic field activated lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles for stimuli-responsive drug release. Acta Biomaterialia, 9(3), 5447–5452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2012.11.006

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