To evaluate the source location and clinical significance of rhythmic mid-temporal theta discharges (RMTD) by MEG in non-epileptic and epileptic patients, we conducted simultaneous MEG and EEG recordings with a whole-scalp 306-channel neuromagnetometer in three patients: one with right temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), one with right frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), and one with tension headache. We visually detected the RMTD activity and interictal spikes, and then localised their generators by MEG source modelling. We repeated MEG measurement 3 months after right anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in the TLE patient; 3 months after anticonvulsant medication in the FLE patient. In epileptic patients, RMTD activities were found during drowsiness over the left temporal channels of both MEG and EEG recordings, and their generators were localised to the left posterior inferior temporal region. In the patient with tension headache, RMTD was localised in the right inferior temporal area. When the epileptic patients became seizure free with disappearance of epileptic spikes, RMTD was still found over the left temporal channels. Besides, some bursts of RMTD appeared also in the right temporal channels in our TLE patient after ATL. Our results indicate that the source of RMTD activity is located in the fissural cortex of the posterior inferior temporal region. As a physiologic rhythm related to dampened vigilance, RMTD has no direct relation to epileptogenic activity. © 2002 BEA Trading Ltd. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Lin, Y. Y., Wu, Z. A., Hsieh, J. C., Yu, H. Y., Kwan, S. Y., Yen, D. J., … Ho, L. T. (2003). Magnetoencephalographic study of rhythmic mid-temporal discharges in non-epileptic and epileptic patients. Seizure, 12(4), 220–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1059-1311(02)00264-9