In the two-signal model of T cell activation, the outcome of antigen recognition is determined by the integration of multiple cues in the immune microenvironment. mTOR is an evolutionarily conserved PI3-kinase family member that plays a central role in integrating environmental cues in the form of amino acids, energy, and growth factors. Recently, an increasingly important role for mTOR in directing T cell activation and differentiation has become apparent. Here we review recent findings demonstrating the ability of mTOR to interpret signals in the immune microenvironment and program the generation of CD4+ effector versus regulatory T cells, the generation of CD8+ effector versus memory cells, T cell trafficking, and T cell activation versus anergy. The key theme to emerge from these studies is that the central role of mTOR provides a direct link between T cell metabolism and function. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Powell, J. D., & Delgoffe, G. M. (2010, September). The Mammalian Target of Rapamycin: Linking T Cell Differentiation, Function, and Metabolism. Immunity. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2010.09.002