Massage Therapy of the Back Using a Real-Time Haptic-Enhanced Telerehabilitation System

  • Ramírez-Fernández C
  • Meza-Kubo V
  • García-Canseco E
  • et al.
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We present the usability evaluation of a haptic-enhanced telerehabilitation system for massage therapy of the back using the Vybe haptic gaming pad and the gesture sensor LEAP motion controller. The evaluated system includes features that allow for (i) administering online therapy programs, (ii) providing self-adjustable and safety treatment of back massages using a virtual environment, and (iii) saving and replaying massage sessions according to a patient’s therapy program. The usability evaluation with 25 older adults and 10 specialists suggests that the haptic telerehabilitation system is perceived with high usability and pleasurable user experience, while providing personalized intensity of haptic therapy in a supervised, real-time, and secure way to treat the patient. Moreover, the specialists totally agree that the system design features, such as save and play, and delimiting therapy zones are the most important for back massage therapy, while the features of regulating feedback intensity and providing/receiving a massage remotely are also important. Finally, based on their comments, five design insights aiming at improving the current version of the system were generated.




Ramírez-Fernández, C., Meza-Kubo, V., García-Canseco, E., Morán, A. L., Pabloff, O., Bonilla, D., & Green, N. (2017). Massage Therapy of the Back Using a Real-Time Haptic-Enhanced Telerehabilitation System. Mobile Information Systems, 2017, 1–10.

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