Measurement of Glenoid Bone Loss With 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Matched Computed Tomography Analysis

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare the measurement of glenoid bone surface area (GBSA) and glenoid bone loss (GBL) between 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) and an autosegmentation approach for 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with recurrent shoulder instability. Methods: Eight subjects (2 women and 6 men; age range, 15-72 years [mean, 44 ± 19 years]) were consecutively enrolled who had both CT and MRI of the shoulder for clinical shoulder instability. Inclusion criteria were patients with shoulder instability or other shoulder injury who had both a CT scan and MRI performed of the same shoulder. All patients underwent a 3D CT scan and a 3-Tesla 3D MRI with additional volumetric and autosegmented sequences. En face views of the glenoid for both CT and MRI were auto- and manually measured for overall GBSA and GBL using best-fit circle technique; the amount of GBL was compared with loss of GBSA and was expressed as a percentage of bone loss. Results: There were no differences in GBL measured by 3D CT (41 mm2, 6.6%) vs 3D MRI (40 mm2, 6.5%, P =.852). The mean GBSA was not different among the manual- and autocalculated 3D CT (644 mm2 vs 640 mm2, P =.482). In addition, the manual MRI scan glenoid area was similar to the autocalculated 3D MRI (622 mm2 vs 618 mm2, respectively; P =.482). Overall regression analysis demonstrated excellent correlation between CT and MRI for both GBSA and GBL calculations (R2 = 0.84-0.90). Conclusions: 3D MRI of the glenoid is nearly identical to 3D CT scans for measurement of GBSA and GBL, making 3D MRI a reliable alternative to a CT scan for a preoperative shoulder evaluation of the glenoid pathology. This study shows that a 3D MRI could be a radiation-free and reliable alternative to a preoperative CT shoulder scan. Level of Evidence: Level III, case-control study.

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Vopat, B. G., Cai, W., Torriani, M., Vopat, M. L., Hemma, M., Harris, G. J., … Provencher, M. T. (2018). Measurement of Glenoid Bone Loss With 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Matched Computed Tomography Analysis. Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 34(12), 3141–3147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.06.050

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