Measurement of neutron energy spectrum at the radial channel No. 4 of the Dalat reactor

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Several compositions of neutron filters have been installed at the channel No. 4 of the Dalat research reactor to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams. However, this neutron facility has been proposed to enhance the quality of the experimental instruments, and to characterize the neutron spectrum parameters for new filtered neutron beams of 2 keV, 24 keV, 59 keV and 133 keV. CASE DESCRIPTION In order to meet the demand of neutron spectrum information for calculation and design of filtered neutron facilities at the Dalat nuclear research reactor (DNRR), the experimental determinations of neutron flux and energy spectrum, up to 8 MeV, has been performed at the inner entrance of the horizontal channel No. 4 from the core of DNRR. The Westcott neutron fluxes as well as the α-parameter that represents the deviation of epithermal neutron distribution from the 1/E law were measured by applying the cadmium ratio and the multi-foils activation methods. The fast neutron spectrum was measured based on the iterative adjustment procedure with threshold reactions. DISCUSSION AND EVALUATION A set of pure metal thin foils with the diameter of 1.27 cm and thickness of 0.125 mm were used as threshold detectors to measure the integrated fluxes, and a calculation procedure on iterative adjustment was implemented to derive the differential neutron energy spectrum from the integrated values. CONCLUSIONS The neutron fluxes and spectrum parameters were characterized with the measured values of 4.80 × 10(9), 1.98 × 10(7), 5.06 × 10(8) cm(-2) s(-1) and 0.0448 for the thermal, epithermal, fast neutron fluxes and the α-shape factor, respectively. The present result has been significantly applied to the input data for the Monte Carlo simulations in the developments of filtered mono-energetic neutron beam facility at the institute.

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Son, P. N., & Tan, V. H. (2016). Measurement of neutron energy spectrum at the radial channel No. 4 of the Dalat reactor. SpringerPlus, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-2585-7

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