© 2017 Franco et al.; licensee Beilstein-Institut. License and terms: see end of document. Vanillin is one of the most commonly used natural products, which can also be produced from lignm-derived feedstocks. The chemical synthesis of vanillin is well-established in large-scale production from petrochemical-based starting materials. To overcome this problem, lignin-derived monomers (such as eugenol, isoeugenol, feruhc acid etc.) have been effectively used n the past few years. However, selective and efficient production of vanillin from these feedstocks still remains an issue to replace the existing process. In this work, new transition metal-based catalysts were proposed to investigate their efficiency in vanillin production. Reduced graphene oxide supported Fe and Co catalysts showed high conversion of isoeugenol under mild reaction conditions using H2O2as oxidizing agent. Fe catalysts were more selective as compared to Co catalysts, providing a 63% vanillin selectivity at 61% conversion in 2 h. The mechanochemical process was demonstrated as an effective approach to prepare supported metal catalysts that exhibited high activity for the production of vanillin from isoeugenol.
Franco, A., De, S., Balu, A. M., Garcia, A., & Luque, R. (2017). Mechanochemical synthesis of graphene oxide-supported transition metal catalysts for the oxidation of isoeugenol to vanillin. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 13, 1439–1445. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.13.141