Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS): Report of a case with prolonged survival and literature review

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Abstract

Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) was first described in 1976. A rare congenital autosomal recessive alteration that predominantly affects females (4:1 ratio), it is characterized by the presence of distended bladder (without distal urinary tract obstruction), microcolon, and decreased or absent intestinal peristalsis. Inconsistent and non-specific histological changes affecting the bladder and intestinal smooth muscle, and intrinsic innervations, have been reported most frequently. MMIHS usually has a fatal prognosis in the first year of life; nevertheless there are some case reports of longer survival. Here is presented the case report of a boy with a diagnosis of MMIHS who has achieved prolonged survival, followed by a review of the literature. © 2011 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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López-Muñoz, E., Hernández-Zarco, A., Polanco-Ortiz, A., Villa-Morales, J., & Mateos-Sánchez, L. (2013). Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS): Report of a case with prolonged survival and literature review. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2012.05.017

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