Membrane interactions and dynamics of a 21-mer cytotoxic peptide: A solid-state NMR study

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Abstract

We have investigated the membrane interactions and dynamics of a 21-mer cytotoxic model peptide that acts as an ion channel by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. To shed light on its mechanism of membrane perturbation, 31P and 2H NMR experiments were performed on 21-mer peptide-containing bicelles. 31P NMR results indicate that the 21-mer peptide stabilizes the bicelle structure and orientation in the magnetic field and perturbs the lipid polar head group conformation. On the other hand, 2H NMR spectra reveal that the 21-mer peptide orders the lipid acyl chains upon binding. 15N NMR experiments performed in DMPC bilayers stacked between glass plates also reveal that the 21-mer peptide remains at the bilayer surface. 15N NMR experiments in perpendicular DMPC bicelles indicate that the 21-mer peptide does not show a circular orientational distribution in the bicelle planar region. Finally, 13C NMR experiments were used to study the 21-mer peptide dynamics in DMPC multilamellar vesicles. By analyzing the 13CO spinning sidebands, the results show that the 21-mer peptide is immobilized upon membrane binding. In light of these results, we propose a model of membrane interaction for the 21-mer peptide where it lies at the bilayer surface and perturbs the lipid head group conformation. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Ouellet, M., Voyer, N., & Auger, M. (2010). Membrane interactions and dynamics of a 21-mer cytotoxic peptide: A solid-state NMR study. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1798(2), 235–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2009.07.029

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