Recent studies have indicated that activation of A1/A2-receptors may mediate metabolic adaptation of the heart to ischemia/reperfusion stress. This study tests whether pretreatment with A1-selective agonist R(-)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl) adenosine (R-PIA) might mimic effects of a brief period of coronary occlusion (ischemic preconditioning, IF) on energy metabolism and hydroxyl radical (OH.) formation in canine myocardium following subsequent prolonged ischemia and reperfusion. Anaesthetized dogs were randomized to a control group subjected to 40-min occlusion of a diagonal branch of loft anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) followed by l-h reperfusion, or a preconditioned group (PC) in which the same period of sustained ischemia and reperfusion was preceded by a single cycle of IP (5-min occlusion of the same LAD branch and 10-min reperfusion), or to PIA group in which R-PIA infusion into the same branch of LAD (0.4 μg/kg per min during 5 min) was followed by 10 min of perfusion prior to sustained ischemia-reperfusion. Pretreatment with R-PIA similarly to IP reduced lactate (Lac), creatine (Cr) and inorganic phosphate (P(i)) release from myocytes into the interstitial fluid during sustained ischemia compared to these indices in control. By the end of reperfusion, both IP and R-PIA infusion enhanced recovery of myocardial ATP and phosphocreatine (PCr) and attenuated the total creatine (ΣCr = PCr + Cr) loss, an index of cell membrane damage. A,- receptor activation by R-PIA, as IF, led to a significant reduction in OH. radical generation following reperfusion assessed by a spin trap 5,5'-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) using cardiac microdialysis. R-PIA pretreatment did not affect systemic and cardiac hemodynamic parameters. We conclude that (1) adaptive mechanisms of IP involve A1-receptor activation that contributes to the overall metabolic response and (2) R-PIA acts as a useful preconditioning-mimetic and anti-ischemic agent in dogs.
Pisarenko, O. I., Tskitishvily, O. V., Studneva, I. M., Serebryakova, L. I., Timoshin, A. A., & Ruuge, E. K. (1997). Metabolic and antioxidant effects of R(±)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine following regional ischemia and reperfusion in canine myocardium. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1361(3), 295–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4439(97)00042-2