Methanogenesis in a saltern in the Bretagne (France)

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Abstract

Salterns in the Bretagne (France), exhibiting different stages of salinity of 5% to 33% evolved up to 0.7 mmol methane per m2 per day. Methane concentrations of up to 0.4 mM were found. High methane evolution rates and increased methane concetration were restricted to basins of up to 7% and more than 15% salinity, and to the upper 10 cm of the sediments, where high sulfate concentrations (50 to 100 mM) occurred as well. Basins of 10-15% salinity exhibited only low methane evolution rates (less than 0.05 mmol methane per m2 per day) and low methane concentrations (less than 0.02 mM). Gas bubbles arising during times of increased photosynthetic activity from the microbial mats covering the sediments of the saltern basins contained up to 2% methane. Addition of methylated amines and methanol, but not of H2/CO2, formate or acetate, to sediments slurries from basins of up to 12% salinity resulted in a rapid enrichment of methanogenic populations. Enriched methanogenic bacteria did not grow at salinities exceeding 15% or temperatures exceeding 45°C, and showed characteristics similar to those documented for Methanococcus halophilus and strain SF1 (DSM 3243). No enrichments were obtained from basins of more than 20% salinity in spite of methane being produced and evolved from those basins. © 1989.

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Giani, D., Jannsen, D., Schostak, V., & Krumbein, W. E. (1989). Methanogenesis in a saltern in the Bretagne (France). FEMS Microbiology Letters, 62(3), 143–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1097(89)90107-9

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