The investigation of mica and mica/epoxy-composites has always been of high importance and has gained increased attention in recent years due to their significant role as insulation material in the electrical industry. Electrical insulation represents a key factor regarding the reliability and lifespan of high voltage rotating machines. As the demand for generating power plants is increasing, rotating machines are of intrinsic importance to the electrical energy supply. Therefore, impeccable functioning is of immense importance for both the producers of high voltage machines as well as the energy suppliers. Thus, cost reduction caused by shorter maintenance times and higher operational lifespan has become the focus of attention. Besides the electrical properties, composites should offer compatible chemical and mechanical, as well as thermal characteristics for their usage in insulating systems. Furthermore, knowledge of several occurring stresses leading to the final breakdown of the whole insulation is required. This review aims to give an overview of the properties of pure components, the composite, and the possible occurring failure mechanisms which can lead to a full understanding of insulation materials for high voltage rotating machines and therefore establish a basis for prospective optimizations.
Andraschek, N., Wanner, A. J., Ebner, C., & Riess, G. (2016). Mica/epoxy-composites in the electrical industry: Applications, composites for insulation, and investigations on failure mechanisms for prospective optimizations. Polymers. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym8050201