It feels easy and intuitive to make decisions about welfare tradeoffs- decisions pitting personal welfare against the welfare of someone else. Just because something feels easy, however, does not mean the computations that give rise to it are simple. We review evidence that natural selection has designed a series of internal regulatory variables that encode features of the other person (e.g., kinship, formidability, cooperative value) and the situation (e.g., the magnitude of the welfare at stake). These variables combine into a final variable, a welfare tradeoff ratio, which determines welfare tradeoffs. Moreover, some emotions, such as anger and forgiveness, function to update welfare tradeoff ratios in your mind and the minds of others. Conscious simplicity hides complex evolved design.
Delton, A. W., & Robertson, T. E. (2016, February 1). How the mind makes welfare tradeoffs: Evolution, computation, and emotion. Current Opinion in Psychology. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.06.006