The unstrained S-allyl cysteine amino acid was site-specifically installed on apoptosis protein biomarkers and was further used as a chemical handle and ligation partner for 1,2,4,5-tetrazines by means of an inverse-electron-demand Diels–Alder reaction. We demonstrate the utility of this minimal handle for the efficient labeling of apoptotic cells using a fluorogenic tetrazine dye in a pre-targeting approach. The small size, easy chemical installation, and selective reactivity of the S-allyl handle towards tetrazines should be readily extendable to other proteins and biomolecules, which could facilitate their labeling within live cells.
Oliveira, B. L., Guo, Z., Boutureira, O., Guerreiro, A., Jiménez-Osés, G., & Bernardes, G. J. L. (2016). A Minimal, Unstrained S-Allyl Handle for Pre-Targeting Diels–Alder Bioorthogonal Labeling in Live Cells. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, 55(47), 14683–14687. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201608438