Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) have been considered as an attractive therapeutic tool. Accumulating evidence indicates that the healing effects of ADSCs are mainly related to paracrine action rather than transdifferentiation. Data show that the expression of miR-93-5p has a cardio-protective effect after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). To identify whether miR-93-5p-encapsulating exosomes that form ADSCs have a better cardio-protective effect, we investigated the inflammatory factors and miR-30d-5p expression in clinical levels. A rat model of AMI and an in vitro model of hypoxic H9c2 cells were established to study the protective mechanism of miR-93-5p in ischemia-induced cardiac injury. The results show that the expression of inflammatory cytokines and miR-93-5p were increased following AMI in both patients and animal models. Moreover, treatment with ADSC-derived miR-93-5p-containing exosomes has a greater protective effect on infarction-induced myocardial damage than simple exosome processing. Furthermore, in vitro experiments confirmed that the expression of miR-93-5p can significantly suppress hypoxia-induced autophagy and inflammatory cytokine expression by targeting Atg7 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), respectively, and was confirmed with Atg7 or TLR4 overexpression. The results also show that autophagy activation can promote inflammatory cytokine expression indirectly. Taken together, these results suggest that the miR-93-5p-enhanced ADSC-derived exosomes prevent cardiac injury by inhibiting autophagy and the inflammatory response.
Liu, J., Jiang, M., Deng, S., Lu, J., Huang, H., Zhang, Y., … Wang, H. (2018). miR-93-5p-Containing Exosomes Treatment Attenuates Acute Myocardial Infarction-Induced Myocardial Damage. Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids, 11, 103–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omtn.2018.01.010