© 2015 Gu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate the expression of target genes at the post-Transcriptional level in diverse biological processes. We have previously identified a group of novel miRNAs in proximal nerve following rat sciatic nerve transection by Solexa sequencing. In this study, the biological function and action mode of miR-sc8, one of the above identified miRNAs, were investigated. An increased expression of miR-sc8 inhibited cell proliferation and migration of Schwann cells (SCs), and inversely, silencing of the miR-sc8 expression promoted cell proliferation and migration of SCs. The epidermal growth factor receptor (Egfr) was identified as the target gene of miR-sc8, which exerted negative regulation of Egfr by translational suppression. The temporal change profile of the miR-sc8 expression was negatively correlated with that of the Egfr expression in proximal nerve following sciatic nerve transection. Moreover, Knockdown of Egfr attenuated the promoting effects of miR-sc8 inhibitor on SC proliferation and migration. Overall, our data indicate that miR-sc8 affects phenotype modulation of SCs by targeting Egfr, providing further insights into the regulatory role of miRNAs in peripheral nerve regeneration.
Gu, Y., Chen, C., Yi, S., Wang, S., Gong, L., Liu, J., … Li, S. (2015). MIR-sc8 inhibits schwann cell proliferation and migration by targeting EGFR. PLoS ONE, 10(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145185