Quenching and tempering (Q&T) is a combined heat treatment process to achieve maximum toughness and ductility at a specified hardness and strength. It is important to develop a mathematical model for quenching and tempering process for satisfy requirement of mechanical properties with low cost. This paper presents a modified model to predict structural evolution and hardness distribution during quenching and tempering process of steels. The model takes into account tempering parameters, carbon content, isothermal and non-isothermal transformations. Moreover, precipitation of transition carbides, decomposition of retained austenite and precipitation of cementite can be simulated respectively. Hardness distributions of quenched and tempered workpiece are predicted by experimental regression equation. In order to validate the model, it is employed to predict the tempering of 80MnCr5 steel. The predicted precipitation dynamics of transition carbides and cementite is consistent with the previous experimental and simulated results from literature. Then the model is implemented within the framework of the developed simulation code COSMAP to simulate microstructure, stress and distortion in the heat treated component. It is applied to simulate Q&T process of J55 steel. The calculated results show a good agreement with the experimental ones. This agreement indicates that the model is effective for simulation of Q&T process of steels. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Deng, X., & Ju, D. (2013). Modeling and simulation of quenching and tempering process in steels. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 50, pp. 368–374). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2013.11.057