A new age-structured stock dynamics approach including stochastic survival and recruitment processes is developed and implemented. The model is able to analyse detailed sources of information used in standard age-based fish stock assessment such as catch-at-age and effort data from commercial fleets and research surveys. The stock numbers are treated as unobserved variables subject to process errors while the catches are observed variables subject to both sampling and process errors. Results obtained for North Sea plaice using Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods indicate that the process error by far accounts for most of the variation compared to sampling error. Comparison with results from a simpler separable model indicates that the new model provides more precise estimates with fewer parameters. © 2003 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Lewy, P., & Nielsen, A. (2003). Modelling stochastic fish stock dynamics using Markov Chain Monte Carlo. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60(4), 743–752. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1054-3139(03)00080-8