A modified model based on flower pollination algorithm and K-Nearest neighbor for diagnosing diseases

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Abstract

Exponential growth of medical data and recorded resources from patients with different diseases can be exploited to establish an optimal association between disease symptoms and diagnosis. The main issue in diagnosis is the variability of the features that can be attributed for particular diseases, since some of these features are not essential for the diagnosis and may even lead to a delay in diagnosis. For instance, diabetes, hepatitis, breast cancer, and heart disease, that express multitudes of clinical manifestations as symptoms, are among the diseases with higher morbidity rate. Timely diagnosis of such diseases can play a critical role in decreasing their effect on patients' quality of life and on the costs of their treatment. Thanks to the large data set available, computer aided diagnosis can be an advanced option for early diagnosis of the diseases. In this paper, using a Flower Pollination Algorithm (FPA) and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), a new method is suggested for diagnosis. The modified model can diagnose diseases more accurately by reducing the number of features. The main purpose of the modified model is that the Feature Selection (FS) should be done by FPA and data classification should be performed using KNN. The results showed higher efficiency of the modified model on diagnosis of diabetes, hepatitis, breast cancer, and heart diseases compared to the KNN models.

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Gashti, M. Z. (2018). A modified model based on flower pollination algorithm and K-Nearest neighbor for diagnosing diseases. IIUM Engineering Journal, 19(1), 144–157. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v19i1.854

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