© 2014 Yang et al.Isoflavone occurs abundantly in leguminous seeds in the form of glycoside and aglycone. However, isoflavone glycoside has anti-nutritional effect and only the free type is beneficial to human health. In the present study we identified a β-glucosidase from thermophilic Neosartorya fischeri P1, termed NfBGL1, capable of efficiently converting isoflavone glycosides into free isoflavones. The gene, belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 3, was successfully overexpressed in Pichia pastoris at high cell density in a 3.7-l fermentor. Purified recombinant NfBGL1 had higher specific activity (2189±1.7 U/mg) and temperature optimum (80°C) than other fungal counterparts when using p-nitrophenyl β-D-glucopyranoside as the substrate. It retained stable at temperatures up to 70°C and over a broad pH range of 3.0-10.0. NfBGL1 had broad substrate specificity including glucosidase, cellobiase, xylanase and glucanase activities, and displayed preference for hydrolysis of β-1,2 glycosidic bond rather than β-1,3, β-1,4, β-1,6 bonds. The enzyme showed high bioconversion ability for major soybean isoflavone glycosides (daidin, gensitin and glycitin) into free forms. These properties make NfBGL1 potential for the wide use in the food, feed, pharmacy and biofuel industries.
Yang, X., Ma, R., Shi, P., Huang, H., Bai, Y., Wang, Y., … Yao, B. (2014). Molecular characterization of a highly-active thermophilic β-glucosidase from Neosartorya fischeri P1 and its application in the hydrolysis of soybean isoflavone glycosides. PLoS ONE, 9(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106785