DNA damage occurs almost all the times in cells, but is repaired also continuously. Occurrence of all these mutations and their accumulation in one cell which finally becomes tumorigenic/carcinogenic appears possible if the DNA repair mechanism is hampered. We hypothesize that alterations in DNA repair pathways, either all or at least at one i.e. genetic, translational or posttranslational level, becomes quite imperative for the initiation and progression of Cancer. Therefore, we investigated the interaction capability of some carcinogens with the enzymes involved in the DNA repair mechanisms. Cigarette smoke's derivatives like NNK and NNAL are well established carcinogens. Hence, we analyzed 72 enzymes involved in the DNA repair Mechanisms for their interactions with ligands (NNK and NNAL). The binding efficiencies with enzymes ranging from +36.96 to -7.47 Kcal/Mol. Crystal Structure of Human Carbonmonoxy-Haemoglobin at 1.25 Å Resolution, PDB ID-1IRD as a +Ve control, showed binding energy -6.31 to -6.68 Kcal/Mol. and Human heat shock factor-binding protein 1, PDB ID- 3CI9 as a -Ve control, showed - 3.91 to +2.09 Kcal/Mol. Binding was characterized for the enzymes sharing equivalent or better interaction as compared to +Ve control. Study indicated the loss of functions of these enzymes, which probably could be a reason for fettering of DNA repair pathways resulting in damage accumulation and finally cancer formation.
Jamal, Q. M. S., Lohani, M., Siddiqui, M. H., Haneef, M., Gupta, S. K., & Wadhwa, G. (2012). Molecular interaction analysis of cigarette smoke carcinogens NNK and NNAL with enzymes involved in DNA repair pathways: An in silico approach. Bioinformation, 8(17), 795–800. https://doi.org/10.6026/97320630008795