Monitoring forest carbon in a Tanzanian woodland using interferometric SAR: A novel methodology for REDD+

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Abstract

© 2015 Solberg et al. Background: REDD+ implementation requires establishment of a system for measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) of forest carbon changes. A challenge for MRV is the lack of satellite based methods that can track not only deforestation, but also degradation and forest growth, as well as a lack of historical data that can serve as a basis for a reference emission level. Working in a miombo woodland in Tanzania, we here aim at demonstrating a novel 3D satellite approach based on interferometric processing of radar imagery (InSAR). Results: Forest carbon changes are derived from changes in the forest canopy height obtained from InSAR, i.e. decreases represent carbon loss from logging and increases represent carbon sequestration through forest growth. We fitted a model of above-ground biomass (AGB) against InSAR height, and used this to convert height changes to biomass and carbon changes. The relationship between AGB and InSAR height was weak, as the individual plots were widely scattered around the model fit. However, we consider the approach to be unique and feasible for large-scale MRV efforts in REDD+ because the low accuracy was attributable partly to small plots and other limitations in the data set, and partly to a random pixel-to-pixel variation in trunk forms. Further processing of the InSAR data provides data on the categories of forest change. Conclusions: A 3D data set from InSAR is a promising tool for MRV in REDD+. The temporal changes seen by InSAR data corresponded well with, but largely supplemented, the changes derived from Landsat data.

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Solberg, S., Gizachew, B., Næsset, E., Gobakken, T., Bollandsås, M. O., Mauya, W. E., … Zahabu, E. (2015). Monitoring forest carbon in a Tanzanian woodland using interferometric SAR: A novel methodology for REDD+. Carbon Balance and Management, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13021-015-0023-8

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