MONITORING POPULASI NYAMUK Aedes aegypti L. VEKTOR PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN GEDONGKIWO KECAMATAN MANTRIJERON KOTA YOGYAKARTA

  • Sukesi T
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Abstract

jurnal KESMAS UAD ISSN : 1978-0575 • 13 MONITORING POPULASI NYAMUK Aedes aegypti L. VEKTOR PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN GEDONGKIWO KECAMATAN MANTRIJERON KOTA YOGYAKARTA Tri Wahyuni Sukesi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Yogyakarta Abstract Background: Gedongkiwo Village is one of the villages that was ranked first for the highest number of dengue disease in the year 2010. Many years in the urban village health centers supported Gedongkiwo local government has sought to control the vector mosquito Ae.aegypti L, but such efforts until now have not shown significant results. Outreach efforts and the promotion of public health for more attention to hygiene and environmental health are also able to reduce the incidence of DHF has not been clearly defined. On the other hand, another problem arises, namely the occurrence of resistance in mosquitoes Ae.aegypti L. of the pesticide compound that is used for eradication. The purpose of this study was to Knowing the population of mosquito species Ae. Aegypti L. If visits by the House Index (HI), Container Index (CI) and Bretaeau Index (BI) in the Village District Gedongkiwo Mantrijeron Yogyakarta Special Province of Yogyakarta. Methods: This was qualitative descriptive research. Samples in this study were 100 houses in each RW 02, 06 and 09 in the Village Gedongkiwo. Data obtained by the survey to each household to determine HI, CI, and BI by filling out a check list sheet. Data analysis of the results of research carried out in accordance with two criteria: If HI> 10% category of "high risk", HI <10% criterion "low risk"; if CI> 10% category of "high risk" and CI <10% category of "low risk "; if BI> 50% category of" high risk "and BI <50% category of" low risk ". Results: This study showed that the average value House Index (HI) in the Village Gedongkiwo of 38.67 percent and the average value of Container Index (CI) of 13.41 percent. As for the average value of Breateu Index (BI) is equal to 19.67 percent. Conclusion: Based on the House Index (HI) and the Container Index (CI) population of mosquitoes Ae. aegypti L. already exceeded the safe limit the spread of dengue disease. Value Breteau Index (BI) shows still below safe levels, but in alert condition with a variety of can increase dengue transmission. Keyword:

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Sukesi, T. W. (2013). MONITORING POPULASI NYAMUK Aedes aegypti L. VEKTOR PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN GEDONGKIWO KECAMATAN MANTRIJERON KOTA YOGYAKARTA. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), 6(1). https://doi.org/10.12928/kesmas.v6i1.1063

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