Motivation in three Medical Schools in Ecuador

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Introduction: Motivation has an obvious role in the teaching-learning process, which unfortunately has not been considered formally in planning, developing, or evaluation processes. The aim of the present study is to describe motivational profiles of medical students in three universities of Ecuador. Material and methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on the motivational profiles of medical students in three Medical Schools of Ecuador. Motivation was assessed using Academic Motivation Scale validated in Spanish and applied using Google Forms®. Results: A pilot test was performed first to evaluate clarity of the virtual tool used. After which, a total of 538 invitations were sent to the three universities. There were 124 responses (response rate of 23.04%). During the analysis, an association was found between extrinsic motivation, instructional level, and having children. Intrinsic motivation was associated with trying to enter to the university and number of hours dedicated to study. Conclusion: More detailed studies need to be conducted on motivation in university students, both on descriptions and interventions in curricula. The association between hours dedicated to study and intrinsic motivation suggests the reinforcement of motivation activities to obtain adherence to academic programs.




Chicaiza-Ayala, W., & Cragno, A. G. (2018). Motivation in three Medical Schools in Ecuador. Educacion Medica, 19, 98–104.

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