Background FOLFIRINOX (FX) has been reported as an effective treatment for unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer. However, FX is associated with a high incidence of adverse events (AEs). A previous phase II study in Japan showed high incidences of hematological AEs, including febrile neutropenia (22.2%). A modified FX regimen (mFX) may decrease the rates of AEs and be more effective than FX by improving the treatment compliance. Aims To assess the safety and efficacy of first-line mFX for unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer. Patients and methods This was as a multicenter prospective phase II study in chemotherapy-naïve Japanese patients with pathologically confirmed unresectable advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous carcinoma. Treatment with mFX (85 mg/m2 oxaliplatin, 150 mg/m2 irinotecan, and 200 mg/m2 l-leucovorin, followed by 46-h continuous infusion of 2400 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil) was administered every 2 weeks. The primary endpoint was the response rate. The secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival, and safety. Results Thirty-one patients (18 men; median age, 64 years) were enrolled. A median of 13 treatment cycles were administered during a median follow-up period of 14.2 months. The response rate, median overall survival, and median progression-free survival were 38.7%, 14.9 months, and 7.0 months, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 AEs included neutropenia (83.9%), febrile neutropenia (16.1%), peripheral sensory neuropathy (9.7%), thrombocytopenia (6.5%), diarrhea (6.5%), anorexia (6.5%), and vomiting (3.2%). Conclusion Compared to FX, mFX may result in fewer Grade 3 or 4 non-hematological AEs, with a comparable response rate. However, further efforts might be required to reduce hematological AEs.
Yoshida, K., Iwashita, T., Uemura, S., Maruta, A., Okuno, M., Ando, N., … Shimizu, M. (2017). A multicenter prospective phase II study of first-line modified FOLFIRINOX for unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer. Oncotarget, 8(67). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22795