This article is about multi-regime interactions in energy sectors. Multi-regime interactions are interactions between fairly well defined and separated systems of production, intermediation and use. It is argued that multi-regime interactions have been underexposed in previous innovation literature, yet it is hypothesized that multi-regime interactions are critically important for understanding transition processes, and in particular for current transitions in European energy sectors. Based on a case study on combined heat and power (CHP) in the Netherlands, a typology is developed of four types of interaction: competition, symbiosis, integration and spill over.
Raven, R., & Verbong, G. (2007). Multi-regime interactions in the dutch energy sector: The case of combined heat and power technologies in the Netherlands 1970-2000. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 19(4), 491–507. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537320701403441