Multi-temperature state-dependent equivalent circuit discharge model for lithium-sulfur batteries

20Citations
Citations of this article
80Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are described extensively in the literature, but existing computational models aimed at scientific understanding are too complex for use in applications such as battery management. Computationally simple models are vital for exploitation. This paper proposes a non-linear state-of-charge dependent Li-S equivalent circuit network (ECN) model for a Li-S cell under discharge. Li-S batteries are fundamentally different to Li-ion batteries, and require chemistry-specific models. A new Li-S model is obtained using a ‘behavioural’ interpretation of the ECN model; as Li-S exhibits a ‘steep’ open-circuit voltage (OCV) profile at high states-of-charge, identification methods are designed to take into account OCV changes during current pulses. The prediction-error minimization technique is used. The model is parameterized from laboratory experiments using a mixed-size current pulse profile at four temperatures from 10 °C to 50 °C, giving linearized ECN parameters for a range of states-of-charge, currents and temperatures. These are used to create a nonlinear polynomial-based battery model suitable for use in a battery management system. When the model is used to predict the behaviour of a validation data set representing an automotive NEDC driving cycle, the terminal voltage predictions are judged accurate with a root mean square error of 32 mV.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Propp, K., Marinescu, M., Auger, D. J., O’Neill, L., Fotouhi, A., Knap, V., … Knap, V. (2016). Multi-temperature state-dependent equivalent circuit discharge model for lithium-sulfur batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 328, 289–299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.090

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free