Analysis of emission from laser-induced plasma has a unique capability for quantifying the major and minor elements present in any type of samples under optimal analysis conditions. Chemometric techniques are very effective and reliable tools for quantification of multiple components in complex matrices. The feasibility of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) in combination with multivariate analysis was investigated for the analysis of environmental reference materials (RMs). In the present work, different (Certified/Standard) Reference Materials of soil and plant origin were analyzed using LIBS and the presence of Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, K, Mn and Si were identified in the LIBS spectra of these materials. Multivariate statistical methods (Partial Least Square Regression and Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis) were employed for quantitative analysis of the constituent elements using the LIBS spectral data. Calibration models were used to predict the concentrations of the different elements of test samples and subsequently, the concentrations were compared with certified concentrations to check the authenticity of models. The non-destructive analytical method namely Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) using high flux reactor neutrons and high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry was also used for intercomparison of results of two RMs by LIBS.
Awasthi, S., Kumar, R., Devanathan, A., Acharya, R., & Rai, A. K. (2017). Multivariate methods for analysis of environmental reference materials using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry Research, 12, 10–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancr.2017.01.001