OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnosis of myocarditis in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and normal coronary angiograms. BACKGROUND: Most often in these patients, the etiologic diagnosis remains unclear once they are found to have normal coronary arteries. The diagnosis of myocarditis mimicking MI is clinically relevant, because numerous arguments suggest a relation between myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. Myocardial indium-111 (111In)-antimyosin antibody (AMA)/rest thallium-201 (201T1) imaging allows noninvasive detection of myocarditis. METHODS: Forty-five patients admitted to three intensive care units for suspicion of acute MI, with normal coronary angiograms, were investigated. Indium-111-AMA planar images and then a dual-isotope rest AMA/201T1 tomographic study were performed. Six-month echocardiographic follow-up was obtained in 80% of the patients with initial left ventricular (LV) wall motion abnormalities. RESULTS: In eight patients, AMA and 201T1 scintigraphy were negative. In two patients, a matched 201T1 defect and focal AMA uptake suggested acute MI (due to prolonged vasospasm or spontaneously reperfused coronary occlusion). In 17 patients, diffuse AMA uptake over the whole LV suggested diffuse myocarditis. In 18 patients, focal AMA uptake with a normal 201T1 scan suggested diffuse but heterogeneous, or focal myocarditis. Complete functional recovery was observed in 81% of the patients with a pattern of myocarditis. CONCLUSIONS: Among 45 patients presenting with acute MI and normal coronary angiograms, 38% had diffuse myocarditis and 40% had a scintigraphic pattern of heterogeneous or focal myocarditis. Short-term follow-up showed complete LV functional recovery in 81% of these patients. © 2001 by the American College of Cardiology.
Sarda, L., Colin, P., Boccara, F., Daou, D., Lebtahi, R., Faraggi, M., … Le Guludec, D. (2001). Myocarditis in patients with clinical presentation of myocardial infarction and normal coronary angiograms. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 37(3), 786–792. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01201-8