N values are routinely introduced in photon activation analysis (PAA) as the ratio of special activities of product nuclides to compare the relative intensities of different reaction channels. They determine the individual activities of each radioisotope and the total activity of the sample, which are the primary concerns of radiation safety. Traditionally, N values are calculated from the gamma spectroscopy in real measurements by normalizing the activities of individual nuclides to the reference reaction [58Ni(γ n)57Ni] of the nickel monitor simultaneously irradiated in photon activation. Is it possible to use photon flux simulated by Monte Carlo software to calculate N values even before the actual irradiation starts? This study has applied Geant4 toolkit, a popular platform of simulating the passage of particles through matter, to generate photon flux in the samples. Assisted with photonuclear cross section from IAEA database, it is feasible to predict N values in different experimental setups for simulated target material. We have validated of this method and its consistency with Geant4. Results also show that N values are highly correlated with the beam parameters of incoming electrons and the setup of the electron-photon converter.
Sun, Z. J., Danjaji, M., & Kim, Y. (2018). N values estimation based on photon flux simulation with Geant4 toolkit. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 136, 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2018.02.017