Nano-effect on solid electrolytes that appears as a conductivity enhancement is expected as a way to develop or improve practical solid ionic devices, such as solid oxide fuel cells. Interfaces play a major role in the enhanced conductivity. Using nanocrystals (NCs) as the starting material, the nanostructured materials containing many interfaces, i.e., grain boundaries, can be simply made by forming the NCs with successive sintering without grain growth. The past decade has seen significant advances in the syntheses of solid electrolyte NCs and understanding the nano-effects on the ionic conductivity. In the present paper, the syntheses of zirconia- and ceria-based NCs, which are important constituent materials of solid oxide fuel cells, and their grain size-dependent conductivity due to the nano-effect are briefly reviewed. © 2007 NIMS and Elsevier Ltd.
Omata, T., Goto, Y., & Otsuka-Yao-Matsuo, S. (2007, September). Nanocrystals of zirconia- and ceria-based solid electrolytes: Syntheses and properties. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2007.09.001