Screen-printing technology is a low-cost process, widely used in electronics production, especially in the fabrication of disposable electrodes for (bio)sensor applications. The pastes used for deposition of the successive layers are based on a polymeric binder with metallic dispersions or graphite, and can also contain functional materials such as cofactors, stabilizers and mediators. More recently metal nanoparticles, nanowires and carbon nanotubes have also been included either in these pastes or as a later stage on the working electrode. This review will summarize the use of nanomaterials to improve the electrochemical sensing capability of screen-printed sensors. It will cover mainly disposable sensors and biosensors for biomedical interest and toxicity monitoring, compiling recent examples where several types of metallic and carbon-based nanostructures are responsible for enhancing the performance of these devices.
Jubete, E., Loaiza, O. A., Ochoteco, E., Pomposo, J. A., Grande, H., & Rodríguez, J. (2009). Nanotechnology: A Tool for Improved Performance on Electrochemical Screen-Printed (Bio)Sensors. Journal of Sensors, 2009, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/842575