Neonatal endotoxin exposure changes neuroendocrine, cardiovascular function and mortality during polymicrobial sepsis in adult rats

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Abstract

Our aim was to investigate whether neonatal LPS challenge may improve hormonal, cardiovascular response and mortality, this being a beneficial adaptation when adult rats are submitted to polymicrobial sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Fourteen days after birth, pups received an intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 μg/kg) or saline. After 8-12. weeks, they were submitted to CLP, decapitated 4, 6 or 24. h after surgery and blood was collected for vasopressin (AVP), corticosterone and nitrate measurement, while AVP contents were measured in neurohypophysis, supra-optic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei. Moreover, rats had their mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) evaluated, and mortality and bacteremia were determined at 24. h. Septic animals with neonatal LPS exposure had higher plasma AVP and corticosterone levels, and higher c-Fos expression in SON and PVN at 24. h after surgery when compared to saline treated rats. The LPS pretreated group showed increased AVP content in SON and PVN at 6. h, while we did not observe any change in neurohypophyseal AVP content. The nitrate levels were significantly reduced in plasma at 6 and 24. h after surgery, and in both hypothalamic nuclei only at 6. h. Septic animals with neonatal LPS exposure showed increase in MAP during the initial phase of sepsis, but HR was not different from the neonatal saline group. Furthermore, neonatally LPS exposed rats showed a significant decrease in mortality rate as well as in bacteremia. These data suggest that neonatal LPS challenge is able to promote beneficial effects on neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses to polymicrobial sepsis in adulthood. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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APA

Saia, R. S., Oliveira-Pelegrin, G. R., da Silva, M. E. N. B., Aguila, F. A., Antunes-Rodrigues, J., Rocha, M. J. A., & Cárnio, E. C. (2011). Neonatal endotoxin exposure changes neuroendocrine, cardiovascular function and mortality during polymicrobial sepsis in adult rats. Regulatory Peptides, 169(1–3), 21–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regpep.2011.04.009

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