A new application of cell-free bone regeneration: Immobilizing stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth-conditioned medium onto titanium implants using atmospheric pressure plasma treatment

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Abstract

© 2015 Omori et al. Introduction: Surface modification of titanium (Ti) implants promotes bone formation and shortens the osseointegration period. The aim of this study was to promote bone regeneration and stability around implants using atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) pretreatment. This was followed by immobilization of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth-conditioned medium (SHED-CM) on the Ti implant surface. Methods: Ti samples (implants, discs, powder) were treated with APP for 30 seconds. Subsequently, these were immobilized on the treated Ti surface, soaked and agitated in phosphate-buffered saline or SHED-CM for 24 hours at 37°C. The surface topography of the Ti implants was observed using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. In vivo experiments using Ti implants placed on canine femur bone were then conducted to permit histologic al analysis at the bone-implant boundary. For the in vitro experiments, protein assays (SDS-PAGE, Bradford assay, liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry) and canine bone marrow stromal cell (cBMSC) attachment assays were performed using Ti discs or powder. Results: In the in vitro study, treatment of Ti implant surfaces with SHED-CM led to calcium phosphate and extracellular matrix protein immobilization. APP pretreatment increased the amount of SHED-CM immobilized on Ti powder, and contributed to increased cBMSC attachment on Ti discs. In the in vivo study, histological analysis revealed that the Ti implants treated with APP and SHED-CM stimulated new bone formation around implants. Conclusions: Implant device APP pretreatment followed by SHED-CM immobilization may be an effective application to facilitate bone regeneration around dental implants.

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Omori, M., Tsuchiya, S., Hara, K., Kuroda, K., Hibi, H., Okido, M., & Ueda, M. (2015). A new application of cell-free bone regeneration: Immobilizing stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth-conditioned medium onto titanium implants using atmospheric pressure plasma treatment. Stem Cell Research and Therapy, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13287-015-0114-1

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