Recent reviews on musculoskeletal disorders have clearly pointed out the<br />need for more good-quality original research. Both symptom-based and<br />objective outcome assessment methods should be improved. A variety of<br />methods exists to assess exposure for short-term, outcomes, whereas<br />exposure assessment strategies for outcomes with long induction times<br />should be developed. The change in exposure patterns - less force<br />demands, more static, visual, cognitive, psychological and social load -<br />will continue during the next millennium, and a likely result is a<br />change in the disease panorama. The pathomechanisms of the effects of<br />low-level static contractions and adverse psychosocial conditions need<br />clarification. Genetic epidemiology is an emerging field of research,<br />and it will be particularly interesting to study the interaction between<br />genetically determined susceptibility and occupational risk factors.<br />Because degeneration of the spine starts in adolescence, the importance<br />of studying the etiology of degenerative disorders among young<br />populations is emphasized.
Viikari-Juntura, E., & Riihimäki, H. (1999). New avenues in research on musculoskeletal disorders. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.481