The 8-hydroxyquinoline core is a privileged scaffold for drug design explored to afford novel derivatives endowed with biological activity. Our research aimed at clarifying the antifungal mechanism of action of clioquinol, 8-hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid, and 8-hydroxy-7-iodo-5-quinolinesulfonic acid (three 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives). The antifungal mode of action of these derivatives on Candida spp. and dermatophytes was investigated using sorbitol protection assay, cellular leakage effect, ergosterol binding assay, and scanning electron microscopy. Clioquinol damaged the cell wall and inhibited the formation of pseudohyphae by C. albicans. The 8-hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid derivatives compromised the functional integrity of cytoplasmic membranes. To date no similar report was found about the antifungal mechanism of 8-hydroxyquinolines. These results, combined with the broad antifungal spectrum already demonstrated previously, reinforce the potential of 8-hydroxyquinolines for the development of new drugs.
Pippi, B., Lopes, W., Reginatto, P., Silva, F. É. K., Joaquim, A. R., Alves, R. J., … Fuentefria, A. M. (2019). New insights into the mechanism of antifungal action of 8-hydroxyquinolines. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 27(1), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2018.07.017