A new method for forecasting the solar cycle descent time

  • Kakad B
  • Kakad A
  • Ramesh D
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© 2015 B. Kakad et al., Published by EDP Sciences. The prediction of an extended solar minimum is extremely important because of the severity of its impact on the near-earth space. Here, we present a new method for predicting the descent time of the forthcoming solar cycle (SC); the method is based on the estimation of the Shannon entropy. We use the daily and monthly smoothed international sunspot number. For each nth SC, we compute the parameter [T<inf>pre</inf>]<inf>n</inf> by using information on the descent and ascent times of the n-3th and nth SCs, respectively. We find that [T<inf>pre</inf>] of nth SC and entropy can be effectively used to predict the descent time of the n + 2th SC. The correlation coefficient between [T<inf>d</inf>]<inf>n+2</inf>-[T<inf>pre</inf>]<inf>n</inf> and [E]<inf>n</inf> is found to be 0.95. Using these parameters the prediction model is developed. Solar magnetic field and F10.7 flux data are available for SCs 21-22 and 19-23, respectively, and they are also utilized to get estimates of the Shannon entropy. It is found that the Shannon entropy, a measure of randomness inherent in the SC, is reflected well in the various proxies of the solar activity (viz sunspot, magnetic field, F10.7 flux). The applicability and accuracy of the prediction model equation is verified by way of association of least entropy values with the Dalton minimum. The prediction model equation also provides possible criteria for the occurrence of unusually longer solar minima.




Kakad, B., Kakad, A., & Ramesh, D. S. (2015). A new method for forecasting the solar cycle descent time. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 5, A29. https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2015030

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