At least two thousand articles on voluntary employee turnover have been published in the last one hundred years. In turn, numerous authors have reviewed the theory and research on employee turnover. Our intent with this paper is therefore not to provide a comprehensive literature review as excellent ones are available elsewhere. Instead, the purpose of this article is to summarize major contributions in the present and provide our perspectives on the future directions of turnover research. Following a relatively terse review of the turnover literature, we elaborate on how organizational scholars can further enhance the understanding of turnover by (a) probing into the turnover process with a better consideration of time, (b) studying the role of volitional control on employees' leaving/staying, (c) further investigating how the context in which employees reside influences leaving, and (d) opening up the "black box" of the collective turnover process.
Lee, T. W., Hom, P. W., Eberly, M. B., & Mitchell, T. R. (2017). On the Next Decade of Research in Voluntary Employee Turnover. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 31(3), 201–221. https://doi.org/10.5465/amp.2016.0123