Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate triggers Ca2+ release from brain microsomes

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Abstract

Mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores is an important mechanism for generating cytoplasmic Ca2+ signals [1]. Two families of intracellular Ca2+-release channels - the inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors and the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) - have been described in mammalian tissues [2]. Recently, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), a molecule derived from NADP+, has been shown to trigger Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in invertebrate eggs [3-6] and pancreatic acinar cells [7]. The nature of NAADP-induced Ca2+ release is unknown but it is clearly distinct from the IP3- and cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR)-sensitive mechanisms in eggs (reviewed in [8,9]). Furthermore, mammalian cells can synthesize and degrade NAADP, suggesting that NAADP-induced Ca2+ release may be widespread and thus contribute to the complexity of Ca2+ signalling [10,11]. Here, we show for the first time that NAADP evokes Ca2+ release from rat brain microsomes by a mechanism that is distinct from those sensitive to IP3 or cADPR, and has a remarkably similar pharmacology to the action of NAADP in sea urchin eggs [12]. Membranes prepared from the same rat brain tissues are able to support the synthesis and degradation of NAADP. We therefore suggest that NAADP-mediated Ca2+ signalling could play an important role in neuronal Ca2+ signalling.

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Bak, J., White, P., Timár, G., Missiaen, L., Genazzani, A. A., & Galione, A. (1999). Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate triggers Ca2+ release from brain microsomes. Current Biology, 9(14), 751–754. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(99)80335-2

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