The insect sex peptide (SP) elicits a variety of biological responses upon transfer to the mated female. SP contains 36 amino acids, including a tryptophan-rich N-terminal region, a central region containing five hydroxyproline (Hyp) residues, and a C-terminal region enclosed by a disulfide bridge. The solution structure of SP, studied here using NMR spectroscopy, includes a motif WPWN that adopts a type I β-turn in the N-terminal Trp-rich region. This turn region is connected to the central Hyp-rich region, which adopts extended and/or PPII-like conformations. The C-terminal disulfide-bonded loop populates helical turns or nascent helical structure. Overall, the results reveal a rather flexible peptide that lacks a compact folded structure in solution. © 2011 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Moehle, K., Freund, A., Kubli, E., & Robinson, J. A. (2011). NMR studies of the solution conformation of the sex peptide from Drosophila melanogaster. FEBS Letters, 585(8), 1197–1202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2011.03.040