Electrochemical NOx sensors based on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) are commercialized to detect overall NOx concentrations in Diesel exhausts without distinction between NO and NO2. To overcome this inconvenient, a high-sensitive sensor based on selective electrochemical reduction of NO2 is proposed. An electrochemical cell consisting of three metallic electrodes on solid-state electrolyte (YSZ) operating under electric polarization between a gold working electrode and a platinum counter electrode allows selective NO2 detection at 400-550 °C with high sensitivity, and without any significant interferences to other gases like hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and also ammonia and nitrogen monoxide. A mechanism based on cathodic overpotential is proposed.
Viricelle, J. P., Vernoux, P., Gao, J., Romanytsia, I., Breuil, P., & Pijolat, C. (2016). NO2-Selective Electrochemical Sensors for Diesel Exhausts. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 168, pp. 7–10). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.112